Material / surface

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Jewelry Glossary

material surface

24kt Extremely soft Gold, usually alloyed with other materials to make 22K Gold or brushed onto harder, more solid metals. 24K Gold is often too soft to make durable pieces of jewelry.
18kt Gold which yields a higher alloy percantage than 24K, usually mixed with Copper. Contains 75% Pure Gold
Stainless Steel Popular in Bracelets and Necklaces due to appealing silver-ish color.
Sterling Silver White-Gray colored metal, softer than other metals. Used for earrings, pendants, bracelets, and rings
Vermeil 14K Gold Layer measuring 100 millionths of an inch, over sterling silver.
Titanium Silver- Greyish White in color, the hardest natural metal in the world, Often used in Rings, Earrings and Bracelets
Yellow Gold Most popular color of gold, Made with pure gold by mixing with alloy metals Copper and Zinc
Black Gold Is Produced By: 1. Electroplating, using black rhodium or ruthenium. 2. Patination by applying sulfur and oxygen containing compounds. 3. Plasma assisted chemical vapor deposition process involving amorphous carbon. 4. Controlled oxidation of gold containig chromium or cobalt.
Green Gold Made by leaving copper out of the alloy mixture and just using Gold and Silver- appears greenish yellow.
Pink Gold Higher in Copper content than Rose Gold, strength of copper in the Gold mixture makes it glow Pink
Rose Gold Gold and Copper Alloy, Usually Blended 75% Gold and 25% Copper. The Higher the Copper content, the stronger the Rose color
White Gold Alloy of Gold and one white metal, usually Nickel, Manganese or Palladium
Oxidized Gold Process wherein a metal mixes with oxygen and becomes rusted. Platinum and Gold do not oxidize but impurities in any alloys containing gold or platinum may oxidize- bu thte actual metals do not.
Wood It is prefeable to use Sustainable Woods such as: Sonowood, Rosewood, English or Borneo Ironwood, or Ebony.
Horn (Zebu) cattle-like animal which comes from South Asia, has white horns used to make cuffs, earrings, pendants and rings. Zebu horn also takes easily to gold- leaf
Distressed Metal Surface Refinishing in order to make piece appear to be more aged and less than perfect. Opposite of a Finished Surface.
Matte Metal Surface Textured finish produced by brushing the metal surface to produce tina parallel lines. Popular in platinum jewelry and sometimes referred to as satin finish.
Shiny Metal Surface metal surface which shows great lustre.
Hammered surface Type of metal finish achieved by hammering a piece of metal in such a way that it becomes multifaceted. This type of finish is often used with gold or silver creating more planes from which light can reflect.
Resin Made from liquid plastic which turns solid when a hardener is added. Usually made from casting resin- which is a solution of 2 liquid chemicals that combine, then set into a hard plastic.
Enamel Paint used especially for jewelry, also called meenakari jewelry. Found in Black, red, Green, White and a variety of other colors. Enamel is very shiny and never loses its appearance. Usually applied to silve and gold.
Gilver Unique precious metal alloy created and patented by jewelry designer Yossi Harari, it is composed of 75% silver and 25% Gold, then oxidized to give the jewelry an edgy look or is Gold plated.
Vitrious Also porcelain enamel. Made by fusing powerded glass to a substrate by firing. Can be applied to most metals: Copper, Aluminium, Stainless Steel, Cast Iron, Steel, Gold and Silver. It is Glass, not paint, so it does not fade.
Luster The state or quality of shining by reflecting light; glitter; sparkle; sheen or gloss. Radiant or luminous brightness; brilliance or radiance.