Jewelry Glossary


Amorfic or Irregular Not of typical shape or form for a specific kind of stone or piece of jewelry.
Rectangle Form or cut which has two long, parallel sides which connect to one another with two shorter vertical sides which run parallel to one another.
Pear Stone or piece which is teardrop shaped, has one slender side which comes to a point on one end whcile opposite end is fuller and smoothly rounded.
Oval Longer, more vertical circular shape/cut.
Round Any stone or piece which is circular in shape or cut.
Square Stone or piece which has 4 equal, congruent sides.
Baroque Pearls and pearl formations which have amorphous or irregular shapes, pearls which are not completely round. Also known as art shaped pearls.
Oblong Rounded shape which is more vertically stretched, than circular shape
Linear Arranged in or extending along a straight or nearly straight line. A piece consisting of or predominantly formed using lines or outlines.
Triangular Stone or piece which has 3 equal sides which come to 3 equal points.
Cabachon Stone which is often 3 dimensional and rounded into an oval or circular shape on one side and flat on the base of the stone. These stones can also be biconvex.
Carved A piece cut with care and precision, a sculpted piece or cut; or a piece cut into smaller pieces or slices.
Rose Cut A diamond cut used since the mid 16th Century, this is an older type of cut. The diamond has a flat base and a crown composed of triangular facets in symmetrical arrangement, which rise to form a point. This cut is mostly seen in antique jewelry.
Old Mine cuts Diamond cut which was the predecessor of the round brilliant cut. Came into existence in the late 17th Century. It is the first diamond cut which had all facets of the present round brilliant cut. These diamonds are characterized by a high crown, small table, deep pavillion and large culet.
Brilliant Cut Used in Diamonds and other gemstones, cut in a particular form with numerous facets so as to have exceptional brilliance. The shape resembles that of a cone and provides maximized light return through the top of the diamond.
Pave French for "pavement", Pave is a stone setting technique whereby the surface of the jewelry is covered, or paved, with stones.
Rough Cut After the mining process, stones are processed and rough points are removed to preserve as much size as possible at the same time showing their color and clarity potential.
Moon A Cut wherein the gemstone is shaped in a semi circle as though it were a half moon.
Star Gemstone which is cut having a hexagonal table surrounded by six facets in the form of equilateral triangles.
Peace Symbol A figure representing peace, in the form of a circle with one line bisecting it from top to bottom and two shorter lines radiating downward on either side.
Flower Any stone or piece which resembles any version or species of flora. Comes in a variety of shapes, sizes and blooms.
Rainbow Any stone or piece which has concentric layers of half circles, layered one on top of the other.
Drop Earring Earrings which drop below the earlobe just a bit. Typically, these are simple pieces where some kind of adornment like a gemstone, charm or bead drops directly from the base of the earring. Though it hangs below the lobe, the ornamental piece is stationary or movement is limited because it comes right off the base.
Fan Earring Earrings which expand out into a crescent or half-crescent shape, usually dropping just below the earlobe.
Lariat An open-ended necklace with no clasp. It is fastened by threading one end of the necklace through the other. Lariat necklaces frequently have beads or tassels at the end. Usually 46+ inches long.
Bow A knot tied with two loops and two loose ends, used for decorative ribbons. Or any piece which has the resemblance or frame of a decorative knot.
Animal Any piece or cut which resembles the shape or form of any sort of animal.